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Research On the 51 Mental Events

by Lokabandhu

...
m:uddhatpana/dambha t:nga-rgyal
Avidya
ignorance

p:avijja

h:avidya, agyana
m:avidya, adnyan t:ma-rig-pa
Vicikitsa
indecision

p: vicikiccha

h:sambhram, sandeha
t:te-tshoms





page 8/ 206 The 51 Mental Events


m:sambhrama, sandheha/vicikitsa
Drsti
opinionatedness
p:ditthi
h:drishti

m:drishti
t:lta-ba
Krodha
rage

p:kodha

h:krodha
m:krodha
t:khro-ba
Upanaha
resentment

p:upanaha

h:chhupa hua gussa m:chida t:khon du ’dzin-pa
Mraksa
slyness-concealment
p:makkha
h:chhupana

t:’chab-pa





m:pragati na karane, lapavine/ hondu/dhongi
Pradasa
spite

p:palasa

h:surakshitata
m:samrakshan karane, surakshitata







t:’tshig-pa
Irsya
jealousy /envy
p:issa
h:irshya?

m:irshya
t:phrag-dog
Matsarya
avarice

p:macchariya

h:atilobha?
m:atilobha/kripan/kadru t:ser-sna
Maya
deceit

p:maya

h:bahana
m:dhonga/maya
t:sgyu
Sathya
dishonesty

p: satheyya

h:beimani

t:gYo







m:apramanikata/apramanikata, landilabaadi
Mada
mental inflation
p:mada
h:mada

m:mada
t:rgyas-pa
Vihimsa
malice

p: vihesa

h:nafrat
m:ghrina /dushtapana t: rnam.par.’tshe.ba
Ahrikya
shamelessness
p:ahirika
h:besharami

m:lajjahinata /besharam t:ngo-tsha med-pa
Anapatrapya
lack of sense of propriety
p:anottappa
h:acche bure ki pahchan na rakhana
t:khrel med-pa







m:yogya ayogyate vishayi chi jana nasane
Styana
stagnation

p:thina

h:dhundalapana, ek jagaha thaharana






m:dhundi, ekacha-jagi thambane
t:rmugs-pa
Auddhatya
ebullience

p:audhatta/uddhacca h:ati utsaha-
utavalapan






m:ati
utsukata/uddhatpana
t:rgod-pa
Asraddhya
non-faith

p:asraddha

h:avishvasa, bebharosa m:avishvasa t:ma dad-pa
Kausidya
laziness

p:kusita/ kosajja h:alasa, susti

m:alasa, susti/alashi t:le-lo
Pramada
heedlessness

p:pamada

h:beparvai
m:nishkalajipana
t:bag-med
Musitasmrtita
unmindfulness
p:mutthassati
h:vismriti

m:vismriti/visaralu t:brjed ngas-pa
Asamprajanya
purposelessness
p:asampajanna
h:koi hetu na hona
t:
rnam-pa gYeng-ba







m:hetuhinata, durlakshit pana
Viksepa
distraction

p:vikkhhepa
h:hetu
se dura jana
t:shes-bzhin ma-yin






m:hetu pasuna dura jane/viksepa
Middha
torpor

p:middha

h:dhundala pana
m:ardha nidrechi avastha t:gnyid
Kaukrtya
worry

p:kukkucca
page 9/ 206 The 51 Mental Events


h:chinta
m:kaukrtya, chinta, kalaji t:’gyod
Vitarka
initial thought
p:vitakka
h:vitarka

m:vitarka
t:rtog-pa
Vicara
sustained thought
p:vicara
h:vichara

m:vichara
t:dpyod-pa
page 10/ 206 The 51 Mental Events

the mental events
caitasika (cetasika)
other languages
hindi (from Chandrabodhi/Ashvajit):

marathi (from Chandrabodhi/Ashvajit):
marathi (from Prajnamata):
tibetan:sems-byungchinese:
japanese:
lang5:

Sanskrit verbal root (from Dharmachandra):

translations
wei tat: caittasanacker: factors that arise specifically
ganguli: mental factors
kochumutton: mental factors
k.gyatso: mental factor wood:

ways of e:


bhante : (Eternal Legacy): mental concomitants or co-efficients
bhante: (Know Your Mind) mental events; functions associated with mind
bhante (Survey) psychic factors
guenther
dharmachandra: mental activity
trans11:
subhuti: mental concomitants

definitions
sanskrit (MW): (p. )

BHS: (p. 233)
mental, of the mind: often contrasted with kayika, sometimes also with vacika. Mental
states or conditions of existence. Eg Vism. I.84.25 pali:
(p.
)


shobogenzo glossary: (vol. )
dict6: (p. )

dict7: (p. )


commentaries
Abhidharmakosa (Vasubandhu) The mental states are the mahabhumikas, those that accompany all minds; the
kusalamahabhumikas, those that accompany all good minds; the klesamahabhumikas, those that accompany all
defiled minds; the akusalamahabhumikas, those that accompany all bad minds; and the paritaklesabhumikas, those
that have small defilements for their sphere. Bhumi or sphere signifies "place of origin." The place of origin of a
dharma is the bhumi of this dharma. The "great sphere" or mahabhumi is so called because it is the sphere, the place
of origin, of great dharmas (that is, of dharmas of great extension, that are found everywhere) The dharmas that are
inherent in the mahabhumi are called mahabhumika, that is, the dharmas that are always found in all minds. too
Abhidharmasamuccaya (Asanga)
hsuan tsang (DMC):
These five Caittas, being universals, are definitely associated with the .Alayavijnana. Their
universal characteristics will be explained in greater detail in a later section. These five Caittas) mental contact etc.,
although they are different from the Vipakavijnana in regard to their mode of activity (akara), are similar to it in
regard to the time of manifestation, the support, the object, etc. Hence they are called 'associates'.
bhante (KnowYourMind): These specific ways in which the mind becomes involved with an object are called in Pali
cetasikas, which means ‘connected with the mind’, and in Sanskrit caittadharmas, ‘that which pertains to the mind’:
i.e. ‘mental events’ or ‘mental concomitants’.

If I look at and become aware of a person, this is mind. But if I then start thinking, say, ‘He's a bit taller than that
other fellow' or ‘I don't like the look of him,' these are mental events. It's possible, of course, for more than one
mental event to be present at the same time; there can be whole complexes of them. Indeed, as we shall see, there
are five mental events which are ‘omnipresent'. Mental events arise as one engages oneself with the object more
specifically and begin to apprehend or cognize its distinguishing qualities. One may wonder, though, how this
interpretation of one's experience, this idea of a kind of hiatus between mind and mental events, squares with Yeshe
Gyaltsen's next quotation, which appears authoritatively to contradict it:


“The mind and mental events are certainly together”. (Abhidharmakosa) ^>58
I have suggested that it is possible for there to be awareness of an object without mental events coming into play.
page 11/ 206 The 51 Mental Events

This does not, however, appear to be the conclusion we are being offered here. These two statements can be
reconciled by the introduction of a third term: ‘mind as such'. But why do we need this? Why can't we just say that
mind is sometimes associated with mental events and sometimes not? The simple answer is that while one can have
mind without mental events, one cannot have mental events without mind; and the mind one gets with mental events
is different from the mind without them.
bhante2 ():
bhante3 ():
bhante4 ():
bhante5 ():
yeshe gyaltsen:

guenther (P&PA):

geshe rabten (M &its F):
kelsang gyatso (UTM):
The definition of mental factor is a cognizer that principally apprehends a particular
attribute of an object
ways ...

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