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Mind and Mental Events (Subhuti 2001) - Talk 5

by Subhuti

Sraddha is fundamental to any positive mental state. It is our capacity to respond to value and is latent in all consciousness. It manifests in different areas, e.g. on the aesthetic plane, sraddh? is our response to beauty; ethically, it is our response to goodness or truth. In its most developed form, it is our response to spiritual values manifested, for example, in images, words, ritual or perhaps a person. This response is more than an intellectual conviction; it colours the whole mind.

Where sraddha is not present, there is asraddhya, which lacks of all the attributes of sraddha.

Hri is the painful consciousness of falling short of your ideals and often manifests physically as shame. It can be triggered either by a sensitive conscience that is offended when we act unskilfully or simply by our love of the Dharma.

Apatrapya differs from hr? in that it arises in dependence on our connection with others we respect or have faith in. It is not to be confused with neurotic guilt and the need to please others. Apatrapya can be the more powerful motivator because we can't delude ourselves so easily.

It is important to remember that, though normally unpleasant, both hri and apatrapya are positive mental events and we can cultivate them as guardians of our ethical values. The practice of confession can play an important part in this.

Their opposites are:

Ahrikya - a lack of shame or conscience; no remorse for acting unskilfully. It can even become an anti-moral sense, such as occurs in the moral rebelliousness of adolescence.

Anapatrapya - no respect for what others think; maybe even a perverse desire to shock or upset them.

This talk is part of the series Mind and Mental Events (Subhuti 2001).

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Mind and Mental Events (Talk 5) - Shraddha and ashraddhya; hri and ahrikya; apatarapya and anapatrapya (56:21) 


Total running time: 56:21

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